THE HOCKEY SCHTICK: New paper finds global carbon cycle datasets may be biased
A paper published today in Global Biogeochemical Cycles finds prior calculations of the global carbon cycle may be erroneous because such calculations are based upon partial pressures of CO2 from several meters below the ocean surface instead of CO2 levels at the ocean surface ["the boundary layer"] where CO2 is actually exchanged between the atmosphere and ocean. The authors find a "strong" CO2 variability between the global datasets measured from several meters below the surface in comparison to the ocean surface that cannot be explained by Henry's Law alone, and are primarily due to variations biological activity between these layers. The paper finds higher levels of CO2 in the boundary layer than in the 5 meter deep global datasets, which would suggest that either the oceans are less of a sink for CO2 or a larger source of CO2 to the atmosphere than previously assumed. The authors recommend, "Observations of pCO2 just beneath the air-sea boundary layer should be further investigated in order to estimate possible biases in calculating global air-sea CO2 fluxes."THE HOCKEY SCHTICK: US & EU are pressuring the IPCC to explain why there has been no global warming for past 15+ years
The U.S. requested clarity on the implications of the [IPCC] data, commenting “this is an example of providing a bunch of numbers, then leave them up in the air without a concrete conclusion.”Snowfall in South America | Watts Up With That?
Peru has declared the national emergency status because of heavy snowfall. Did you know that? Is that not news? Thousands of lives are in danger because of heavy snowfall in Bolivia. I think that is news.Fossil Fuel Self-Defense — MasterResource
It’s estimated that, in large part thanks to new, coal-powered infrastructure, between 1 billion and 2 billion people now have access to clean drinking water that didn’t 20 years ago.